surge


surge
surge [sʉrj]
n.
[LME sourge, fountain, stream, prob. < OFr sourgeon < stem of sourdre, to rise < L surgere, to rise, spring up < * subsregere < subs-, var. of sub- (see SUB-) + regere, to direct (see RIGHT)]
1.
a) a large mass of or as of moving water; wave; swell; billow
b) such waves or billows collectively or in a series
2. a movement of or like that of a mass of water; violent rolling, sweeping, or swelling motion [the surge of the sea]
3. a sudden, sharp increase of electric current or voltage in a circuit
4. any sudden, strong increase, as of energy, enthusiasm, etc.
5. Naut.
a) the concave part of a capstan or windlass, upon which the rope surges, or slips
b) such a surging, or slipping
vi.
surged, surging [< OFr sourg-, stem of sourdre: see SURGE the n.]
1. to have a heavy, violent swelling motion; move in or as in a surge or surges
2. to rise and fall or be tossed about on waves, as a ship
3. to increase suddenly or abnormally: said of electric current or voltage
4. to slip, as a rope or cable on a capstan or windlass
vt.
to slacken or release (a rope or cable) suddenly

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Surge — may refer to: *Surge (soft drink), a soft drink formerly made by The Coca Cola Company. *Jerk or surge, the rate of change of acceleration in physics *Storm surge, the onshore gush of water associated with a low pressure weather system… …   Wikipedia

  • Surge — Surge, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Surged}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Surging}.] [Cf. F. surgir to cast anchor, to land. Cf. {Surge}, n.] (Naut.) To let go or slacken suddenly, as a rope; as, to surge a hawser or messenger; also, to slacken the rope about (a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • surge — surge; surge·less; in·surge; re·surge; …   English syllables

  • Surge — Surge, n. [L. surgere, surrectum, to raise, to rise; sub under + regere to direct: cf. OF. surgeon, sourgeon, fountain. See {Regent}, and cf. {Insurrection}, {Sortie}, {Source}.] 1. A spring; a fountain. [Obs.] Divers surges and springs of water …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Surge — Surge, v. i. 1. To swell; to rise hifg and roll. [1913 Webster] The surging waters like a mountain rise. Spenser. [1913 Webster] 2. (Naut.) To slip along a windlass. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • surge — [n] rush, usually of liquid billow, breaker, deluge, efflux, flood, flow, growth, gush, intensification, outpouring, rise, roll, surf, swell, upsurge, wave; concepts 432,467,787 surge [v] rush, usually in liquid form arise, billow, climb, deluge …   New thesaurus

  • surge — ► NOUN 1) a sudden powerful forward or upward movement. 2) a sudden large temporary increase. 3) a powerful rush of an emotion or feeling. ► VERB 1) move in a surge. 2) increase suddenly and powerfully. ORIGIN …   English terms dictionary

  • Surge — Surge, fette, ungewaschene Wolle, kommt aus der Levante u. Berberin den Handel …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • surge — index growth (increase), increase, increment, inflate, inflation (increase), inundate, issue ( …   Law dictionary

  • Surge —   [dt. Überspannung], Spannung …   Universal-Lexikon


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